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Bunker Fuel Market Expected to Reach $164.9 Billion by 2030—Allied Market Research

 
2022
Bunker Fuel Market

Report Code : A01813

quote The bunker fuel market is anticipated to witness considerable growth during the forecast period, owing to factors such as IMO regulation on the sulfur content in the marine fuel and increase in offshore oil & gas exploration activities. However, fuel reduction initiatives by the shipping community are the key factor restraining the growth of the market in the upcoming years. On the contrary, increase in attention and utilization of LNG as bunker fuel create opportunity for the key players in the LNG bunkering financing. quote

Yerukola Eswara Prasad - Manager
Energy and Power at Allied Market Research

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According to a new report published by Allied Market Research, titled, “Bunker Fuel Market," The bunker fuel market size was valued at $109.6 billion in 2020, and is estimated to reach $164.9 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 4.3% from 2021 to 2030.

Bunker fuel is a type of fuel oil used on ships that travel internationally.. It is put into the bunkers of ships to fuel the engines.. Bunker fuel gets its name from tanks on ports and in ships that it is stored in. It was known as coal bunker initially, but now it is  called as bunker fuel tank. Bunker fuels are used to power their motors, engine, drive, and other equipment in the marine vessels. In January 2020, key players operating in this market focused on utilization of low sulfur fuel oil with the implementation of IMO-2020 regulations on sulfur content in the marine fuel. However, heavy fuel oil or high sulfur fuel oil can be used on the ships where scrubbers are installed. 

Rise in marine trade increased the demand for bunker fuel and bunkering services. Increase in oil & gas exploration activities in emerging oil regions drives the growth of the bunker fuel market as many bunker fuel suppliers changed their focus of operation to these offshore resource sites. In addition, fuel reduction initiatives by shipping industries hamper the market growth. Therefore, due to stringent environmental regulations regarding marine environment, the shipping industry decided to reduce the use of residual fuel oil that contains contaminants, including nitrogen and sulfur. The shipping industry focus toward new alternative such as liquefied natural gas (LNG), which is less harmful to the marine environment. Growth in opportunities for market players to expand business in the developing countries such as India, Japan, and China is expected to provide lucrative growth opportunities for the global bunker fuel market, due to exploration of untapped hydrocarbon reserves in these oil emerging countries.

Depending on the type, the low sulfur fuel oil segment held the highest bunker fuel market share of around 65.17% in 2020, and is expected be dominant during the forecast period. This is due to implementation of IMO-2020, hence there will be decrease in demand for HSFO, which, in turn, is expected to fuel the market growth for low sulfur fuel oil in the future.

Depending on commercial distributor, the oil major segment holds the largest share, in terms of revenue, and is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. This growth is attributed to dominance of oil majors in the crude oil tanker chartering business across the globe.

By application, the container segment holds the largest share, in terms of revenue, and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.6%. This is attributed to increase in demand for cargo transportation through ships and rise in trade-related agreements. In addition, rise in number of manufacturing units and factories in the region such as Asia-Pacific and LAMEA drive the growth of the bunker fuel market for container shipping.

Region wise, the market is analyzed across four major regions such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA. Asia-Pacific garnered the dominant share in 2020, and is anticipated to maintain this trend during the forecast period. This is attributed to numerous factors such as presence of huge consumer base and increase in maritime trade activities in the region. Moreover, presence of the developing countries such as China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and India contribute toward the growth of the bunker fuel market in Asia-Pacific.
The global bunker fuel market analysis covers in-depth information of the major industry participants. The key players operating and profiled in the report include BP p.l.c., Exxon Mobil Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell PLC., Lukoil, Sinopec Group, Gazprom Neft PJSC, Chevron Corporation, PETRONAS, Total SE, and Neste.

Other players operating in the value chain of the global bunker fuel market are Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Marathon Petroleum Corporation, Valero Energy Corporation, Minerve Bunkering, World Fuel Services Corporation, Gac Bunker Fuels Limited, and Bomin Bunker Oil Corp.

COVID-19 Impact on the Market

The demand for marine fuel  decreased, owing to  COVID-19 pandemic across the globe. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), fuel oil demand for end uses including marine bunker, power generation, and industrial uses is expected to decline by 6.3% in 2020. Furthermore, as LNG and crude oil prices declined in the 2nd quarter of 2020, thus, the overall revenue of bunker fuel diminished in the second quarter of 2020. Owing to the implementation of IMO-2020 in January, there was increase in demand for very low sulfur fuel oil, but with the supply chain disruptions there were ups and down in the low sulfur bunker fuel sales throughout 2020. In addition, high sulfur fuel oil demand collapsed due to IMO regulation along with COVID-19 pandemic ,restraining  the market growth in 2020-2021.

KEY FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

  • In 2020, low sulfur fuel oil segment accounted for majority of the share of the global bunker fuel market, and is expected to down throughout the bunker fuel market forecast period.
  • In 2020, the oil major segment accounted for about 44.9% of the share in the global bunker fuel market, and is expected to maintain its dominance till the end of the forecast period.
  • The container segment is accounted for 22.8% market share in the year 2020, and is anticipated to grow at a rate of 4.6% in terms of revenue, increasing its share in the global bunker fuel market.
  • Low sulfur fuel oil is the fastest-growing fuel type in the Asia-Pacific bunker fuel market, expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.2% during 2021–2030.
  • Asia-Pacific is expected to grow at the fastest rate, registering a CAGR of 4.7%, throughout the forecast period.
  • In 2020, Asia-Pacific dominated the global bunker fuel market with more than 47.04% of the share, in terms of revenue.

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quote Bunker Fuel Market by Type (High Sulfur Fuel Oil, Low Sulfur Fuel Oil, Marine Gasoil, Others), by Commercial Distributor (Oil Majors, Large Independent Distributor, Small Independent Distributor), by Application (Container, Bulk Carrier, Oil Tanker, General Cargo, Chemical Tanker, Fishing Vessels, Gas Tanker, Others): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2020-2030 quote

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