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2022

Electric Three Wheeler Market

Electric Three Wheeler Market Size, Share, Competitive Landscape and Trend Analysis Report by Vehicle Type (Passenger Carrier, Load Carrier), by Power Type (Up to 1000W, 1000 W to 1500 W, Above 1500 W), by Battery Type (Lithium ion, Lead Acid): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021-2031

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Author's: Abhay Singh | Lalit Janardhan Katare
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The global electric three wheeler market size was valued at $0.77 billion in 2021, and is projected to reach $1.5 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 7% from 2022 to 2031.

Electric three-wheelers are electrically powered vehicles that are equipped with high torque motors and longer durability batteries. Three-wheelers with a combination of one single wheel in front and two at the back are tricycles, whereas one with two front wheels and a single back wheel is known as a tadpole. Electric three-wheelers have a wider application in different industries, such as passenger commuting within the city as well as transportation of goods and services from one place to another. Moreover, with the increased inclination toward electric vehicles, three-wheeler manufacturing companies have introduced numerous electric-propelled three-wheelers, which positively impacts the growth of the global electric three-wheeler market.

Electric Three Wheeler Market

With the increasing fuel prices at the international level, growth in pollution, and traffic congestion, especially in urban areas, electric three-wheeler manufacturing companies have introduced numerous electric-propelled three-wheelers, which positively impacts the growth of the global electric three wheeler market. For instance, in October 2020, Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited launched the new Treo Zor electric 3-wheeler cargo vehicle. The vehicle was available at a starting price of $3,400 (INR 2.73 lacs) and was driven by an 8kW motor which allowed it to have a payload capacity of 550Kg.

The factors such as rise in the trend of last mile connectivity, increase in demand for affordable commercial vehicle, and inclination toward use of electric three wheelers as an eco-friendly & efficient solution for commute supplement the growth of the electric three wheeler market. However, lack of standardization of EV charging and high cost of battery are the factors expected to hamper the growth of the electric three wheeler market. In addition, growth in the trend of shared mobility and greater availability of credit and financing options creates market opportunities for the key players operating in the electric three wheeler market.

Electric Three Wheeler Market by Vehicle Type

The electric three wheeler market is segmented into vehicle type, power type, battery type and region. By vehicle type, the market is categorized into passenger carrier and load carrier. By power type, the market is divided into up to 1000W, 1000W to 1500W, and above 1500W. By battery type, it is fragmented into lithium-ion and lead acid. By region, it is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.

The leading players operating in the electric three wheeler market are Adapt Motors, Altigreen, ATUL Auto Limited, BILITI Electric Inc., Bodo Vehicle Group Co., Ltd., Chongqing Zongshen Vehicle Co., Ltd., E-TUK Factory, Green Impex, J.S. Auto Pvt. Ltd., Kinetic Green Vehicles, Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, Piaggio & C. SpA, Scooters India Limited, Terra Motors Corporation, and Zuperia Auto Pvt. Ltd.

Rise in trend of last mile connectivity

Many companies in e-commerce, pharma, textiles, retail, FMCG, and other utility segments, such as dairy, poultry, and gas, prefer three-wheelers as a last-mile connectivity solution as they offer excellent maneuverability at affordable prices. For Instance, an India-based company uses electric loader rickshaws (three-wheelers) to provide first and last-mile delivery services to e-commerce and food-tech players such as Amazon, Swiggy, and Bigbasket. In addition, with effective integration of advance technology, design, and workflow, many leading players are trying to bring the upfront cost of electric loader rickshaws, which further foresee the preference for loader rickshaws as a last mile connectivity solution. Furthermore, governments of many countries are keen to convert their last-mile delivery fleet to electric due to their added benefits. For instance, in 2021, Amazon India partnered with Mahindra Electric to deploy EVs in its delivery fleet. Amazon India announced that its fleet of delivery vehicles will include 10,000 electric vehicles by 2025, which is expected to reduce the overall transportation cost considerably.

Electric Three Wheeler Market by Power Type

Increase in demand for affordable commercial vehicle

The rise in expenditure on commercial vehicles in developed and developing countries is creating the need for affordable commercial vehicles. For instance, in January 2022, Goenka Electric Motor Vehicles Private Limited partnered with Omega Seiki Mobility, a manufacturer of electric mobility solutions for end-to-end deliveries, to jointly set up over 500 dealerships across India in a phased manner by FY24. This increased their market presence across India. Furthermore, electric three-wheeler mobility depends on affordability, maneuverability, and door-to-door accessibility. In many middle and low-income countries such as India, Africa, Nigeria, and others, electric three-wheelers offer significantly cheaper and faster travel options and better route flexibility than other means of transport. In many low- and mid-income countries, the three-wheelers can also be linked to enhanced employment opportunities, further bolstering the demand for electric three-wheeler in the global market.  

Electric Three Wheeler Market by Battery Type

Lack of standardization of EV charging

The electric vehicles battery source does not have any alternative source for charging. The shortage of charging points in most of the cities is a major challenging factor for growth of the global electric three wheeler market. Furthermore, thin & inconsistent infrastructure, and range anxiety can create a problem for electric vehicle and can put the traveler at risk. Moreover, the implementations of supportive infrastructure required for electric vehicle in developing countries are less. Furthermore, as the technology is not matured enough, apart from China, the sales of the electric vehicles are extremely less as compared to the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle sale. The automotive industry has standardized 120- and 240-volt plugs, which are primarily used in homes but have not yet set a standard on the plugs or ports that can charge vehicles in 30 minutes or less. Thus, all these factors coupled with the different prices at charging stations altogether are responsible for hindering the growth of the global electric three wheeler market.

Electric Three Wheeler Market by Region

Growth in the trend of shared mobility

Shared mobility services reduce city congestion and decrease overall vehicle emissions. Therefore, digitally enabled car-sharing and ride-hailing manage travel needs in the smartest way and also provide a hassle-free and environmentally sound alternative to private car ownership. This sharing & ride-hailing activity includes the entire process, from travel planning to a single mobile app that can handle payments. In the coming years, ride-hailing services are projected to play a significant role in this space by reducing manual tasks and minimizing overall time & cost. This trend is further foreseen to strengthen the growth of the three-wheeler market. The number of users relying on ride-sharing applications has increased in recent years. For instance, Uber launched its ride-hailing services in 30 cities to expand its business globally. To create awareness and promote new services, the key players offer customers discounts, free rides, and coupon facilities.

Moreover, California-based company Lyft Inc. is providing free rides to patients. Furthermore, Lyft also invested in several partnerships, most noticeably in healthcare transportation, which offers new mobility options for non-drivers, including older people, younger people, people with disabilities, and people without access to a vehicle. Shared transportation is taking a back seat amid the pandemic. However, the benefits of shared mobility, such as reduced congestion, reduced emission, and low cost, are anticipated to strengthen the demand for three-wheeler during the forecast period.

Key Benefits For Stakeholders

  • This study presents an analytical depiction of the global electric three wheeler market analysis along with current trends and future estimations to depict imminent investment pockets.
  • The overall electric three wheeler market opportunity is determined by understanding profitable trends to gain a stronger foothold.
  • The report presents information related to the key drivers, restraints, and opportunities of the global electric three wheeler market with detailed impact analysis.
  • The current electric three wheeler market is quantitatively analyzed from 2022 to 2031 to benchmark the financial competency.
  • Porter's five forces analysis illustrates the potency of the buyers and suppliers in the industry.

Electric Three Wheeler Market Report Highlights

Aspects Details
Market Size By 2031
Market Size By 2031

USD 1.5 billion

Growth Rate
Growth Rate

CAGR of 7%

Forecast period
Forecast period

2021 - 2031

Report Pages
Report Pages

240

Electric Three Wheeler Market By Vehicle Type
By Vehicle Type
  • Passenger Carrier
  • Load Carrier
Electric Three Wheeler Market By Power Type
By Power Type
  • Up to 1000W
  • 1000 W to 1500 W
  • Above 1500 W
Electric Three Wheeler Market By Battery Type
By Battery Type
  • Lithium ion
  • Lead Acid
Electric Three Wheeler Market By Region
By Region
  • North America  (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
  • Europe  (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific  (China, Japan, India, South Korea, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • LAMEA  (Latin America, Middle East, Africa)
Key Market Players
Key Market Players

Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, BILITI ELECTRIC, Green Impex, KINETIC GREEN VEHICLES, Altigreen, Bodo Vehicle Group, Zuperia Auto Pvt. Ltd., SCOOTERS INDIA LIMITED, Atul Auto Ltd, Piaggio & C. SpA, Adapt Motors, Terra Motors Corporation, J.S. Auto Pvt. Ltd., Chongqing Zongshen Vehicle, E-TUK Factory

Analyst Review

This section provides the opinions of various top-level CXOs in the global electric three wheeler market. The market is supplemented by numerous developments carried out by the top electric three wheeler manufacturers, which has led to the market’s growth. Moreover, technological advancements in vehicles, followed by the need for smart vehicles to commute within cities, supplement the growth of the global electric three wheeler market.

Furthermore, rising industrialization and growing e-commerce segment have accelerated in recent years, which is propelling the electric three-wheeler market. Many e-commerce players are very keen to adopt gasoline as well as electric three-wheeler in their fleet, owing to their excellent maneuverability, low maintenance, and operating cost ever for shorter transits. For instance, an India-based company uses electric three-wheelers to provide first and last-mile delivery services to e-commerce and food-tech players such as Amazon, Swiggy, and Bigbasket. In 2021, Amazon India partnered with Mahindra Electric to deploy EVs in its delivery fleet. Amazon India announced that its fleet of delivery vehicles will include 10,000 electric vehicles by 2025, which is expected to reduce the overall transportation cost considerably. Hence, an increase in the penetration of electric vehicles will also help in reducing environmental impact, which in turn is expected to create lucrative opportunities for market expansion.

The market growth is supplemented by factors such as a rise in the trend of last mile connectivity, increase in demand for affordable commercial vehicle, and inclination toward use of electric three wheelers as an eco-friendly & efficient solution for commute supplement the growth of the electric three wheeler market. However, lack of standardization of EV charging and high cost of battery are the factors expected to hamper the growth of the electric three wheeler market. In addition, growth in the trend of shared mobility and greater availability of credit and financing options creates market opportunities for the key players operating in the electric three wheeler market.

Among the analyzed regions, Asia-Pacific is the highest revenue contributor, followed by Europe, LAMEA, and North America. On the basis of forecast analysis, LAMEA is expected to lead during the forecast period, due to rapid industrialization and rising level of emission and supportive government schemes for electric three wheelers.

Author Name(s) : Abhay Singh | Lalit Janardhan Katare
Frequently Asked Questions?

Availability of Lithium Ion powered Electric Three Wheeler are the upcoming trends in the world

Passenger Carrier is the leading application of Electric Three Wheeler Market

Asia-Pacific is the largest regional market for Electric Three Wheeler

The global electric three wheeler market was valued at $773.3 million in 2021, and is projected to reach $1,481.1 million by 2031, registering a CAGR of 7.0% from 2022 to 2031

The leading players operating in the electric three wheeler market are Adapt Motors, Altigreen, ATUL Auto Limited, BILITI Electric Inc., Bodo Vehicle Group Co., Ltd., Chongqing Zongshen Vehicle Co., Ltd., E-TUK Factory, Green Impex, J.S. Auto Pvt. Ltd., Kinetic Green Vehicles, Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, Piaggio & C. SpA, Scooters India Limited, Terra Motors Corporation, and Zuperia Auto Pvt. Ltd

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Electric Three Wheeler Market

Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021-2031