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2024

Permanent Magnet Market

Permanent Magnet Market Size, Share, Competitive Landscape and Trend Analysis Report by Product Type, by End-Use : Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2023-2032

MC : Advanced Materials

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Author's: Naresh Ranjit Mawlankar | Eswara Prasad
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Permanent Magnet Market Research, 2032

The global permanent magnet market was valued at $15.0 billion in 2022, and is projected to reach $37.3 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 9.7% from 2023 to 2032. An increase in demand for the automotive industry is expected to drive the growth of the permanent magnet market during the forecast period. As electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles gain popularity in the automotive industry, there is a growing need for electric motors, which heavily rely on permanent magnets for their operation. This surge in demand stimulates the production of permanent magnets used in electric motors. However, the price volatility of raw materials is expected to restrain the growth of permanent magnet market from 2023-2032. The surge in demand for magnetic field and imaging systems in permanent magnet is expected to provide lucrative opportunities to the permanent magnet market.

Permanent Magnet Market

Introduction

Permanent magnets are made from hard ferromagnetic materials (such as alnico) and ferrimagnetic materials (such as ferrite) that are subjected to special processing in a strong magnetic field during manufacturing to align their internal microcrystalline structure, making them difficult to demagnetize. These materials retain their magnetic properties once magnetized and do not require an external magnetic field to maintain their magnetization. The most common elements used in permanent magnets are iron, nickel, cobalt, and their alloys, such as neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) and samarium-cobalt (SmCo).

Permanent magnets play a crucial role in various electronic devices, including speakers, headphones, and microphones. In speakers and headphones, permanent magnets generate the magnetic field necessary to interact with the electric current in the coil, producing sound waves. Additionally, permanent magnets are used in electric motors and generators found in appliances, computers, and industrial equipment.

The automotive industry extensively utilizes permanent magnets in electric vehicles (EVs), hybrid vehicles, and traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. In EVs and hybrid vehicles, permanent magnets are essential components of traction motors, providing the torque needed for propulsion. Moreover, permanent magnet-based sensors are used in automotive applications for speed sensing, position detection, and brake systems.

Permanent magnets contribute significantly to renewable energy technologies, particularly in wind turbines and hydroelectric generators. In wind turbines, permanent magnet generators are preferred due to their efficiency and compact design, enabling the conversion of wind energy into electrical power. Hydroelectric generators also utilize permanent magnets to convert the kinetic energy of flowing water into electricity.

Key Takeaways:

  • The permanent magnet industry covers 20 countries. The research includes a segment analysis of each country in terms of value ($million) for the projected period (2023-2032).
  • The study integrated high-quality data, professional opinions and analysis, and critical independent perspectives. The research approach is intended to provide a balanced view of the global permanent magnet and to assist stakeholders in making educated decisions to achieve their growth objectives.
  • Over 3,700 product literature, annual reports, industry statements, and other comparable materials from major industry participants were reviewed to gain a better understanding of the market.
  • The permanent magnet share is highly fragmented, with several players including Arnold Magnetic Technologies, Adams Magnetic Products, LLC, Dexter Magnetic Technologies, Electron Energy Corporation, Lynas Rare Earths Ltd, Bunting, Stanford Magnets, TDK Corporation, VACUUMSCHMELZE GmbH & Co. KG, and Magnequench International, LLC. Also tracked key strategies such as acquisitions, product launches, mergers, and expansion of the players operating in the permanent magnet growth.

Market Dynamics

The automotive sector is undergoing a significant transformation with the increasing adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles. This shift towards electrification is driven by various factors, including environmental concerns, government regulations promoting clean energy, and advancements in battery technology. As automakers strive to meet emissions targets and improve fuel efficiency, they are increasingly turning to electric propulsion systems, which rely heavily on permanent magnets for their electric motors.

As per the International Energy Agency, in 2022, global spending on electric cars increased by 50% compared to 2021, reaching around $425 billion. Electric vehicles are the key technology to decarbonize road transport, a sector that accounts for over 15% of global energy-related emissions. In February 2023, electronic component maker Flash announced a technical collaboration with Slovenia-based GEM motors to develop electric motors. Under the partnership, both brands will manufacture hub motors for various electric vehicle segments in the range of 1 kW to 15 kW.  

According to the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM), In December 2022, automotive sales in China experienced a year-over-year decline of 8.4%, totaling 2.56 million units. However, for the entire year of 2022, sales surged to 26.86 million units, marking significant growth. As advancements in battery technology continue to improve the range and performance of electric vehicles, consumer interest in EVs is on the rise. Electric propulsion systems, which rely on permanent magnet motors for efficient power conversion, are becoming increasingly prevalent in the automotive market.

Price volatility of raw materials is expected to restrain the growth of the permanent magnet market during the forecast period. The price volatility of raw materials, particularly rare earth elements such as neodymium and dysprosium, presents a significant restraint for the permanent magnet industry. One of the primary challenges stemming from price volatility is the unpredictability it introduces into cost projections and financial planning for manufacturers. Sharp increase in raw material prices can erode profit margins and disrupt supply chains, while sudden decrease may result in excess inventory and reduced competitiveness.

Segments Overview

The permanent magnet market is segmented into type end-use, and region. On the basis of type, the market is classified into neodymium iron boron magnet, ferrite magnet, samarium cobalt magnet, and others. On the basis of the end-use, the market is divided into consumer electronics, automotive, medical technology, energy, and others. Region-wise, the market is studied across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.

On the basis of type, the Neodymium-Iron-Boron (NdFeB) magnet segment dominated the permanent magnet market accounting for almost half of the market share. NdFeB magnets are extensively used in electric motors and generators, ranging from small motors in household appliances to large industrial motors. The high magnetic strength of NdFeB magnets enables efficient energy conversion and compact designs. NdFeB magnets are used in speakers and headphones to produce high-quality sound reproduction. Their strong magnetic field allows for greater efficiency in converting electrical energy into sound waves.

On the basis of end-use, consumer electronics is the most lucrative segment in the permanent magnet market accounting for one-third of the market share. Permanent magnets are an essential component of speakers, where they interact with electric currents to produce sound. The permanent magnet interacts with an electromagnet (voice coil) attached to the speaker cone, causing it to move and produce sound waves. Permanent magnets are used in the actuator motors of Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) to position the read/write head accurately. In Solid State Drives (SSDs), magnets might not be used directly, but they can be employed in manufacturing processes for assembly or calibration.

Region-wise, Asia-Pacific dominated the permanent magnet market, growing with a CAGR of 10.0% during the forecast period. Permanent magnets, particularly those made from neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB), are crucial for electric vehicle (EV) motors and other automotive applications, contributing to the growth of the EV market in countries such as China, Japan, and South Korea. Permanent magnets are utilized in wind turbines and hydroelectric generators for producing renewable energy. China is one of the largest manufacturers and consumers of wind turbines, driving demand for permanent magnets in this sector.

Competitive Analysis

The major players operating in the permanent magnet market include Arnold Magnetic Technologies, Adams Magnetic Products, LLC, Dexter Magnetic Technologies, Electron Energy Corporation, Lynas Rare Earths Ltd, Bunting, Stanford Magnets, TDK Corporation, VACUUMSCHMELZE GmbH & Co. KG, and Magnequench International, LLC

Recent Key Developments in the Permanent Magnet Market

  • In October 2023, Ara Partners, a private equity firm acquired Vacuumschmelze (VAC), a German permanent magnets producer, from its equity investor Apollo. This will strengthen the duo’s rare earths value chain and help the former to pursue its strategic growth opportunity of supplying permanent magnets to key industries such as electric vehicles (EV).
  • In January 2023, VAC inked a deal with American automotive giant General Motors to establish a permanent magnets production facility in North America. This plant would locally source raw materials for manufacturing, with the product destined for electric motors utilized in GM vehicles.
  • In September 2022, Solvay announced plans to expand its rare earths operations in La Rochelle, France to enter the value chain for rare earth permanent magnets in Europe and serve customers in the wind power, electric vehicles, and electronics markets.
  • In July 2022, GKN Powder Metallurgy, a provider of powder metal solutions, entered the permanent magnets for the electric vehicle (EV) market. An investment is being planned to establish a capacity to produce up to 4,000 tons of permanent magnets per year for the EV market by 2024.

Historic Trends of the Permanent Magnet Market

  • In 1880, Alnico, an alloy composed primarily of aluminum, nickel, and cobalt, was developed by T. Mishima in Japan. This material became one of the first widely used permanent magnet materials due to its high magnetic strength and resistance to demagnetization.
  • The development of ceramic (ferrite) magnets marked a significant advancement in permanent magnet technology. These magnets were made from a mixture of ceramic materials and iron oxide, providing high coercivity and relatively low cost.
  • In the 1960s, the discovery of rare-earth magnets, specifically samarium-cobalt (SmCo) and neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets, revolutionized the field of permanent magnets. These magnets offered much higher magnetic strength than previous materials, opening new possibilities in various industries.
  • In the 1970s, neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets were developed. These magnets surpassed the magnetic strength of SmCo magnets and became the strongest type of permanent magnet available. NdFeB magnets revolutionized numerous industries, including consumer electronics, renewable energy, and medical devices.
  • In the 1990s, the increasing demand for smaller and more efficient electronic devices drove the miniaturization of permanent magnets. Manufacturers developed techniques to produce smaller magnets with high magnetic strength, enabling the creation of compact and lightweight products such as smartphones, laptops, and hard disk drives.

Key Benefits For Stakeholders

  • This report provides a quantitative analysis of the market segments, current trends, estimations, and dynamics of the permanent magnet market analysis from 2022 to 2032 to identify the prevailing permanent magnet market opportunities.
  • The market research is offered along with information related to key drivers, restraints, and opportunities.
  • Porter's five forces analysis highlights the potency of buyers and suppliers to enable stakeholders make profit-oriented business decisions and strengthen their supplier-buyer network.
  • In-depth analysis of the permanent magnet market segmentation assists to determine the prevailing market opportunities.
  • Major countries in each region are mapped according to their revenue contribution to the global market.
  • Market player positioning facilitates benchmarking and provides a clear understanding of the present position of the market players.
  • The report includes the analysis of the regional as well as global permanent magnet market trends, key players, market segments, application areas, and market growth strategies.

Permanent Magnet Market Report Highlights

Aspects Details
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Market Size By 2032

USD 37.3 billion

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Growth Rate

CAGR of 9.7%

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Forecast period

2022 - 2032

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Report Pages

300

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By End-Use
  • Consumer Electronics
  • Automotive
  • Medical Technology
  • Energy
  • Others
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By Product Type
  • Neodymium-Iron-Boron (NdFeB) Magnet
  • Ferrite Magnet
  • Samarium Cobalt Magnet
  • Others
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By Region
  • North America  (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
  • Europe  (Germany, France, UK, Spain, Italy, Rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific  (China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • LAMEA  (Brazil, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Rest of LAMEA)
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Key Market Players

Magnequench International, LLC, Electron Energy Corporation, TDK Corporation, Dexter Magnetic Technologies, vacuumschmelze gmbh & co. kg, Adams Magnetic Products, LLC, Lynas Rare Earths Ltd, Bunting, Arnold Magnetic Technologies, Stanford Magnets

Analyst Review

According to the opinions of various CXOs of leading companies, the global permanent magnet market was dominated by the Neodymium-Iron-Boron (NdFeB) magnet segment. NdFeB magnets are commonly used in various industrial applications where strong magnetic fields are required, such as electric motors, generators, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, magnetic separators, and magnetic bearings.

An increase in demand for the automotive sector is expected to drive the growth of the permanent magnet market. Permanent magnet motors offer several advantages over traditional induction motors, including higher efficiency, compact size, and lighter weight. These characteristics are particularly desirable in EVs and hybrid vehicles, where optimizing energy efficiency and maximizing driving range are paramount. Furthermore, permanent magnets are integral components of powertrains in electric and hybrid vehicles. They are used in systems such as traction motors, generators, and inverters, contributing to the overall propulsion and energy management of the vehicle. The efficiency and power density of these powertrain components are crucial for enhancing the driving experience and extending the range of electric vehicles.

The fluctuation in prices of raw materials is expected to restrain the growth of the permanent magnet market. Raw materials such as rare earth elements, particularly neodymium, praseodymium, and dysprosium, are essential components in the production of high-performance permanent magnets, including neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets. These rare earth elements are mined primarily in a limited number of countries, which can lead to supply chain vulnerabilities and price volatility in response to factors such as geopolitical tensions, trade policies, and changes in demand-supply dynamics.

Author Name(s) : Naresh Ranjit Mawlankar | Eswara Prasad
Frequently Asked Questions?

The global permanent magnet market was valued at $15.0 billion in 2022, and is projected to reach $37.3 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 9.7% from 2023 to 2032.

Asia-Pacific is the largest region in the permanent magnet market

Consumer electronics is the leading end-use of permanent magnet market.

Advancements in medical devices and electric vehicles are the upcoming trends of permanent magnet Market in the world.

The surge in demand for magnetic field and imaging systems are the main opportunities of the permanent magnet market.

The price volatility of raw materials is the restraint of the permanent magnet market.

The major players operating in the permanent magnet market include Arnold Magnetic Technologies, Adams Magnetic Products, LLC, Dexter Magnetic Technologies, Electron Energy Corporation, Lynas Rare Earths Ltd, Bunting, Stanford Magnets, TDK Corporation, VACUUMSCHMELZE GmbH & Co. KG, and Magnequench International, LLC

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Permanent Magnet Market

Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2023-2032